就是要拚經濟!聯準會「歷史性」翻轉貨幣政策,對未來行情有何影響?

2020-09-10 06:50

? 人氣

聯準會宣布新貨幣政策框架,並為長期低利率掛保證。(林瑞慶攝)

聯準會宣布新貨幣政策框架,並為長期低利率掛保證。(林瑞慶攝)

你應該知道的是:美國聯準會(Fed)上月底正式推出新貨幣政策框架,除了允許通膨一段時間超過2%,更強調經濟復甦是當前重點,在失業率遠低於最大就業的情況下,將使用所有貨幣政策工具給予支持。

聯準會(Fed)主席鮑爾(Jerome Powell)日前在一年一度的全球央行年會上發表談話,Fed同時在官網發表長期貨幣政策框架的修正聲明,聲明稿修改三大重點如下:

1 ) 最大就業部分,公開市場委員會(FOMC)強調是一個廣泛的目標,相較於過去使用「偏離(deviation)最大就業水準」,改為評估「離最大就業短缺(shortfall)還差多少」。

On maximum employment, the FOMC emphasized that maximum employment is a broad-based and inclusive goal and reports that its policy decision will be informed by its "assessments of the shortfalls of employment from its maximum level." The original document referred to "deviations from its maximum level."

2 ) 物價部分,聯準會調整過去實現長期2%的通膨目標,改成一段時間內平均2%的通膨目標,並且指出在通膨持續低於 2%的時期,適當的貨幣政策會讓通膨溫和的超過2%

On price stability, the FOMC adjusted its strategy for achieving its longer-run inflation goal of 2 percent by noting that it "seeks to achieve inflation that averages 2 percent over time." To this end, the revised statement states that "following periods when inflation has been running persistently below 2 percent, appropriate monetary policy will likely aim to achieve inflation moderately above 2 percent for some time."

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